Peur de l’autre

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Battons la peur de l’autre, le racisme, la discrimination, la répression Réhabilitons le conflit

Le racisme, c’est quand on en arrive à refuser ces différences, et à refuser l’autre. A le mépriser, à l’exclure, à cause des différences dans ce qu’elle ou il est.

Le racisme peut aussi être une réaction face à ma propre insécurité: « j’ai peur que l’autre prenne ma place, ou ait les mêmes avantages ou plus d’avantages que moi».

La manière de se voir et la perception que l’on a de l’autre sont au cœur des mécanismes du racisme et de la discrimination.

L’Autre, c’est l’inconnu, duquel tout peut arriver, mais surtout le pire.

La conduite raciste se traduit en somme par deux mouvements complémentaires : refuser l’Autre et s’affirmer soi-même, qui aboutissent au même résultat : se fortifier contre l’Autre.

Réhabilitons le conflit. Pour vivre ensemble, sans illusion, sans ces idéologies qui masquent le réel et qui empêchent les confrontations nécessaires entre ceux qui ne partagent pas les mêmes opinions ou les mêmes valeurs.

Sans conflit, sans espaces pour le conflit, sans apprentissage du conflit, notre société se fragmente dangereusement, chaque groupe se contentant d’images simplistes et diabolisées des autres groupes. Le conflit permet précisément de poser les problèmes là où ils existent et si ce n’est de trouver un terrain d’entente, du moins de reconnaître l’humanité de ses adversaires.

La diversité est une richesse en important des modes de vie qui nous aide à sortir du cocon de nos routines, de nos certitudes et élargissent notre vision du monde.

Photo: David Douglas Duncan, Le regard de Picasso, Cannes, La Californie, été 1957

3 thoughts on “Peur de l’autre

  1. La Peur

    Frein puissant de nos actions ou moteur aussi vicieux qu’obscur de nos comportements, la peur est un beau sujet de théâtre et le carburant de nos sociétés en crise. Désireux d’explorer “comment la peur, dans tous ses aspects, multiples et parfois contraires, conduit ou même construit la société”, Armel Roussel s’en empare avec la fraîcheur formelle et la profondeur dramaturgique qui animent son théâtre depuis des années.
    Dans La Peur, nous sommes plongés dans le quotidien d’hommes et femmes visiblement enfermés dans une sorte de camp de rééducation comportementale.

    http://www.theatrenational.be/fr/program/362/

  2. Fear No More

    Fear no more the heat o’ the sun;
    Nor the furious winter’s rages,
    Thou thy worldly task hast done,
    Home art gone, and ta’en thy wages;
    Golden lads and girls all must,
    As chimney sweepers come to dust.

    Fear no more the frown of the great,
    Thou art past the tyrant’s stroke:
    Care no more to clothe and eat;
    To thee the reed is as the oak:
    The sceptre, learning, physic, must
    All follow this, and come to dust.

    Fear no more the lightning-flash,
    Nor the all-dread thunder-stone;
    Fear not slander, censure rash;
    Thou hast finished joy and moan;
    All lovers young, all lovers must
    Consign to thee, and come to dust.

    No exorciser harm thee!
    Nor no witchcraft charm thee!
    Ghost unlaid forbear thee!
    Nothing ill come near thee!
    Quiet consummation have;
    And renowned be thy grave!

    http://www.poemhunter.com/poem/fear-no-more/

  3. Macbeth, like many of today’s leaders, is gripped by fear. Fear of failure, fear of losing power, fear of his wife, fear of retribution, fear of just about anything. Fear is a very powerful motivator – it keeps us safe when riding our bikes, it keeps us wary when walking late at night. But fear may also paralyse us: from moving forward, from taking a healthy risk, from making a change in our life. Fear is one of the first emotions we learn to express.

    Shakespeare has created a character who is just like us (surprise surprise) in that he fears the mighty and the mundane. He fears all kinds of things…those three witches, not being popular. Macbeth is profoundly human in his fears -that means he is just like you and me. He is deeply affected by them. He may be afraid of different things than you, but you are both feeling fear of some kind and no doubt these fears will affect your behaviour. Try this: Make a list of everything you believe Macbeth fears (remember to jot down where you find these details in the play for later references) like the witches, like Duncan not giving him power, like his wife’s anger, his own insecurity. Now, beside your list, write down what is making you afraid. We are not talking bone chilling, trembling – just kind of a dull ache in your gut, a kind of stone you are carrying around inside that you will feel really good when it is gone (say, that cutey not speaking to you in the cafeteria? your next calc test? your dad being P.O’d with you and not giving you the car? ) Big fears, little fears…any fear will do.

    Sit back and take a look at your two lists: Macbeth’s and yours. Can you draw any connections between the lists? Does one of your fears maybe/perhaps/could be/possibly remind you of one of Macbeth’s fears? Like say, Macbeth is afraid of his wife being angry with him. You are afraid of your Dad being angry with you…hmmm….see something in common there? Take one or two you think are really major fears from each list. Now, focus on one fear: how does it affect your behaviour, how does it affect Macbeth’s behaviour? Are you going to avoid the cafeteria, are you going to be bold and smile at that cutey? Are you going to hide from your Dad or go tell him you need to talk to him about the two of you? How is your fear going to affect your behaviour? What you do?

    Now, do the same thing for a fear from MacBeth’s list. Ta-daa: you have a good start on how fear effects Macbeth. You have also experienced empathy, one of the most valuable reasons for reading literature and especially Shakespeare. Putting yourself in somebody’s shoes and walking around a bit is empathy. How does it feel to be them at that moment? Good, not so good? All this empathy happens in your head and it makes you a great human being. Shakespeare knew we needed to feel for others to feel good about ourselves. Genius right?

    http://www.enotes.com/homework-help/how-does-fear-influence-macbeths-actions-326676

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